Curiosities

Which countries speak the most languages?

We already know that many countries have more than one official language, but did you know that this also happens in Brazil? Here the only official languages throughout the national territory are Portuguese and Libras, but, according to IBGE, many other languages are spoken in the country.

In the 2010 Census, 274 indigenous languages of 305 different ethnics were accounted for; besides, there are languages and dialects brought by immigrants. Thus, some counties have co-official languages, such as Talian – or Veneto or Venetian dialect – Pomeranian, Hunsrückisch (Rio Grande do Sul), Nheengatu, Tukano, Guarani and Baniwa.

This is also the case of Papua New Guinea which, in 2005 was considered the country speaking the highest number of languages:  a total of 840, according to Ethnologue data. However, only three of them are considered official at national level: Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin and English.

The second place in the ranking belongs to Indonesia: although Indonesian alone is considered the official language, other 741 languages are spoken in the national territory. The third place belongs to Nigeria which speaks 516 languages and has four official languages: English, Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo.

 

Sources:

https://www.ethnologue.com/guides/how-many-languages#countries

http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2008/Decreto/D6583.htm

http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/2002/L10436.htm

View all curiosities
);